A lot has been written and spoken over the past few decades about cancer gene. You would hear a lot of arcane jargon about mutation and gene behavior. Cancer has several types and it represents itself in different forms in different bodies and different body parts. For example, breast cancer is a common occurrence in women while neck cancer is more common in men. In women, presence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes may increase the chances of breast and ovarian cancer. Although, it is equally true that not every woman who has these genes has cancer yet there is no denying the fact that the presence of these genes increases the possibility of cancer.
The question is how these genes get into the body of some women and not the others. Among the main reasons, the primary one is hereditary transfer. If somebody in your family had such an issue, then there is possibility that you too may have it. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are present in the breasts of a woman. The genes are basically benign ones engaged in the task of repairing broken DNA cells and destroying those which are beyond repair. However, there are times when the savior itself becomes a victim and then it victimizes the body. When BRCA1 and BRCA2 somehow get damaged, generally due to gene mutation, they fail in their primary task of repairing DNAs and ultimately lead to improper repairing of DNAs. This is where the risk of cancer arises. So, BRCA1 and BRCA2 themselves are good for the body, but when some mutation goes wrong, they turn into a menace. It has also been found in research that women with BRCA1 have lower fertility rate as they age in comparison to those women who do not have this gene.
What affected women should do?
Women having these genes need not declare emergency in their lives. They need to take it easy and ensure that they do not do those things which feed these genes in developing into a cancer cell. The commonly known activities that nourish genes are smoking, passive lifestyle and alcoholism. These should be definitely avoided. However, these are just primary steps. Consulting a doctor would be your best shot. Take proper counseling about the matter and follow the guidelines given by the doctor. You should go for regular screening once you know that you have these genes present in your body. Cancer in any form is not good for the body. If it does happen to you then the best thing is getting it detected in its nascent stage. Early detection can increase the chances of cure.
Cancer is a dangerous problem. It is so because it spreads fast and without any pattern. This prevents the doctors from devising methods to control it. Every time a method is developed, cancer surpasses it and finds another way of spreading. Prevention is always better than cure. Maintaining an active lifestyle and positive thinking may help you overcome many problems of your life, including as serious a problem as cancer is. There are millions of cases where women have defeated cancer and are now leading a happy life. For those who have overcome this disease, it is necessary to ensure that cancer cells do not emerge again. To check this, the person should go for regular screening and keep in touch with their doctor.